Amphetamines are stimulant drugs that can have medical and recreational uses. However, amphetamine addiction is a serious problem with long-term physical and mental health effects. It is important to seek treatment for amphetamine addiction before it’s too late.
What Are Amphetamines?
How Do They Work?
Are Amphetamines Addictive?
When taken as prescribed, amphetamines are not addictive. But when you misuse the drug to self-treat or for recreational purposes, amphetamines are highly addictive.
Types of Amphetamines
There are several types of amphetamines. These include dextroamphetamine, levoamphetamine, and methamphetamine. These drugs differ in chemical composition and potency, but they all have similar effects on the brain and body.
Common prescription amphetamines include:2
- Amphetamine and dextroamphetamine (Adderall®)
- Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine®)
- Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvanse™)
- Methamphetamine (Desoxyn®)
Uses of Amphetamines
Amphetamines are intended for medical use. However, many people with an amphetamine addiction use them recreationally.
The recreational use of amphetamines can be extremely dangerous. In some cases, amphetamine addiction is fatal.
Medical Uses of Amphetamines
- Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): Amphetamines increase attention span and reduce impulsiveness.
- Narcolepsy: The drug is known for its ability to increase a person’s alertness. It helps people with narcolepsy stay awake.
- Obesity: Amphetamines are also known to suppress diet. They are sometimes used as short-term weight-loss drugs.
Recreational Uses of Amphetamines
- As a stimulant and euphoriant
- To enhance performance and endurance, making them popular among athletes and students
- To party and socialize, as they can increase energy levels and sociability
- For conditions such as depression or anxiety
Risk Factors for Amphetamine Addiction
- Biological risk factors: These include genetics, family history, and individual brain chemistry.
- Environmental risk factors: These include stress, trauma, and exposure to drugs at an early age.
- Social risk factors: These include peer pressure, social isolation, and lack of support.
- Personal characteristics: Mental health conditions, personality traits, and age also increase the risk of developing an addiction.
Side Effects of Amphetamines
Short-Term Side Effects
- Dry mouth
- Trouble sleeping
- Decreased appetite
- Mood swings
- Sexual dysfunction
- Unpleasant taste
- Diarrhea or constipation
- Upset stomach
- Weight loss
Severe Side Effects
- Heart problems that feel life-threatening
- Symptoms such as weakness on one side of the body, slurred speech, and pain in the chest, left arm, jaw, or between the shoulders.
- Mental health issues such as new or worsened behavioral and thought problems, bipolar illness, and aggressive behavior or hostility.
- Children and teenagers with psychiatric issues showing new psychotic symptoms such as hearing voices, seeing unreal things, believing in false things, being suspicious, and feeling overexcited.
- Circulation problems with symptoms like numbness, pain, color changes in fingers or toes, and unexplained wounds in those areas.
Are Amphetamines Dangerous?
Symptoms of Withdrawal
- Drug cravings
- Mood swings
- Body aches
- Increased appetite
Treatment Options for Amphetamine Addiction
If you or a loved one is struggling with amphetamine addiction, seeking treatment as soon as possible is essential. There are several treatment options available. Some of these options are detailed below.
The first step in treating amphetamine addiction is to undergo detoxification. It involves stopping the use of the drug and allowing the body to eliminate it. Detoxification can be challenging, as withdrawal symptoms can be severe. However, it is a necessary step in recovery.
In behavioral therapy, individuals can learn coping skills and strategies to resist the urge to use amphetamines. In addiction treatment, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is commonly used.
Personalized Treatment Opportunities
Individuals with a co-occurring mental health disorder, such as depression or anxiety, may benefit from a dual-diagnosis treatment program. The program addresses both addiction and mental health conditions.
Amphetamine Addiction Treatment at Essence Healthcare
What We Offer
At Essence Healthcare, we understand the challenges of amphetamine addiction. That’s why we offer a range of treatment options to help individuals overcome their addictions.
Our addiction treatment program includes individual counseling, group therapy, and relapse prevention education.
Contact Essence Healthcare Today
Amphetamine addiction is extremely dangerous. Getting the help you need is crucial. Reach out to Essence Healthcare today for more information about our available treatment options.
We’ll be with you every step of the way.