Codeine Withdrawal Symptoms Explained
What is Codeine?
The Food and Drug Administration defines codeine as an opioid used in the treatment of mild and moderate pain. Codeine works by acting directly on the opioid receptors and preventing the brain signal from getting to the body. It interrupts the nerve signal that passes pain sensation from the brain to the body. Codeine elicits its antitussive ability by suppressing the activity in the central nervous system that controls coughing.1
Forms of Codeine
- Solution for injection (codeine phosphate)
- Oral solution (codeine phosphate)
- Controlled release tablet
- Immediate-release tablet (codeine sulfate)
Is Codeine Addictive?
Codeine is addictive. Repeated use of the substance can make the user get addicted to it. Addiction is a result of the psychoactive effect of the substance on the brain.
Risk Factors for Codeine Addiction
- Peer pressure
- Early use
- Childhood neglect or trauma
- Family history
- Low self-esteem
- Chronic medical conditions
Potential Signs of Codeine Use
- Mood swings
- Social withdrawal
How Codeine Impacts the Brain
Repeated usage of codeine for long periods of time can cause dependence on the substance. Codeine can negatively affect the brain. It causes sedation, confusion, and dizziness. In the long run, the brain and mind of the individual consuming it will not perform as well without the intake of the substance.
Short-Term Effects of Codeine Use
Long-Term Effects of Codeine Use
Codeine Withdrawal Symptoms
Codeine withdrawal is the discontinuation of the use of the substance. The sudden discontinuation of this substance can produce some abnormal physical or psychological symptoms called codeine withdrawal symptoms.
Codeine withdrawal symptoms may be mild or severe depending on the frequency of usage and the individual’s body. Examples of mild codeine withdrawal symptoms include nausea, vomiting, and anxiety. Severe symptoms include seizures, hot flashes, and depression.
Should You Undergo Medical Detox?
Benefits of Medical Detox
Medical detoxification has a lot of benefits. It allows the patient to be monitored medically and reduces the severity of codeine withdrawal symptoms. In addition, it includes pharmacological interventions which help increase stability and reduce the chances of relapse.
Types of Treatments Available During Detox
- Medical Assessment: A thorough assessment will enable the physician to know the type of substance addicted to and the individual needs. The assessment includes the patient’s medical history and the development of a personalized detoxification process.
- Withdrawal: This process involves the gradual withdrawal of codeine from the system of the patient. Most patients experience codeine withdrawal symptoms at this stage. The severity of the symptoms depends on how long the person has been addicted to the substance and other factors.
- Use of Medication: The use of approved medications helps the patient to cope with codeine withdrawal symptoms. Some of them help reduce anxiety and depression, thereby enabling good sleep.
Tips for Mitigating Codeine Withdrawal Symptoms
Diet and Nutrition Tips
Balanced diets and nutritious food help to replace nutrients that are lost during detoxification. Interestingly, a healthy body increases the chance of avoiding a relapse. The patient should stay hydrated and consume leafy vegetables, proteins, and supplements.
Exercise and Relaxation Techniques
Talk Therapy and Psychological Support
Talk therapy is a one-on-one session with the patient and the psychologist. During these sessions, the patient discusses the daily challenges and other issues with the psychologist. Patients learn coping mechanisms and techniques to prevent relapse.
Treatment/Aftercare Options for Codeine Addiction
Inpatient or Outpatient Treatment Programs
These programs are part of the treatment options that an individual can choose from. The major difference is that the inpatient program requires the patient to be hospitalized while outpatient does not.
Connecting with a Mental Health Professional
Connecting with a mental health professional enables the patient to have access to professional advice, especially about codeine withdrawal symptoms. These professionals also continually support and care for the patients even after leaving the rehabilitation center.
Codeine Addiction Treatment at Essence Healthcare
What We Offer
These include inpatient and outpatient programs, psychotherapy, and group and family therapy. We also offer more holistic approaches such as yoga, meditation, and mindfulness exercises.
Contact Essence Healthcare Today
If you or someone you know is struggling with codeine addiction, help is a phone call away. Reach out to Essence Healthcare today for more information about our available treatment options.